Farewell My Concubine (simplified Chinese: ????; traditional Chinese: ????; pinyin: Bàwáng Bié J?; literally "The Hegemon-King Bids Farewell to His Concubine"), a 1993 Chinese film directed by Chen Kaige, is one of the central works of the Fifth Generation movement that brought Chinese film directors to world attention. Similar to other Fifth Generation films like To Live and The Blue Kite, Farewell My Concubine explores the effect of China's political turmoil during the mid-20th century on the lives of individuals, families, and groups, in this case, two stars in a Peking opera troupe and the woman who comes between them. The film is an adaptation of the novel by Lilian Lee. Lilian Lee is also one of the film's screenplay writers. Farewell My Concubine remains to date the only Chinese-language film to win the Cannes Palme d'Or.