GoldenEye (1995)


GoldenEye is the seventeenth spy film in the James Bond series, and the first to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. Released in 1995, the film was directed by Martin Campbell and, unlike previous Bond films, is the first film to not take any story elements from the works of novelist Ian Fleming.[2] The story was conceived and written by Michael France, with later collaboration by other writers. In the film, Bond fights to prevent an arms syndicate from using the GoldenEye satellite weapon against London in order to cause a global financial meltdown. GoldenEye was released in 1995 after legal disputes forced a six-year hiatus in the series, during which Timothy Dalton resigned from the role of James Bond and was replaced by Pierce Brosnan. M was also recast, with actress Judi Dench becoming the first woman to portray the character, replacing Robert Brown. GoldenEye was the first Bond film made after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, which provided a background for the plot. The film accumulated a worldwide gross of US$350.7 million, considerably better than Dalton's films, without taking inflation into account.[3] Some critics viewed the film as a modernization of the series, and felt Brosnan was a definite improvement over his predecessor.[4][5][6] The film also received award nominations for "Best Achievement in Special Effects" and "Best Sound" from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.[7] The name "Goldeneye" pays homage to James Bond's creator, Ian Fleming. While working for British Naval Intelligence as a Lieutenant Commander, Ian Fleming liased with the American OSS to monitor developments in Spain after the Spanish Civil War. The operation was codenamed Operation Goldeneye. Fleming's estate in Oracabessa, Jamaica is also known as Goldeneye.


In 1986, MI6 agents 007 (James Bond, played by Pierce Brosnan) and 006 (Alec Trevelyan, played by Sean Bean), infiltrate an illicit Soviet chemical weapons facility at Arkhangelsk and plant explosive charges. Alec is captured and shot dead by Colonel Arkady Ourumov (Gottfried John), but Bond steals an airplane and escapes from the facility as it explodes. Nine years later (1995), Bond arrives in Monte Carlo to follow Xenia Onatopp (Famke Janssen), a suspected member of the Janus crime syndicate, who has formed a suspicious relationship with a Canadian Navy admiral. She murders the admiral to allow Ourumov (now a General) to steal his identity. The next day, despite Bond's efforts to stop them, they steal a prototype Eurocopter Tiger helicopter that can withstand an electromagnetic pulse. They fly it to a bunker in Severnaya, where they massacre the staff and steal the control disk for the dual GoldenEye satellite weapons. The two program one of the GoldenEye satellites to destroy the complex with an electromagnetic pulse, and escape with genius programmer Boris Grishenko (Alan Cumming). The pulse also destroys three Russian MiG-29 aircraft dispatched to check on the facility; causing one to crash into the complex, utterly devastating it. Natalya Simonova (Izabella Scorupco), the lone survivor, contacts Boris and arranges to meet him in St. Petersburg, where he betrays her to Janus. In London, M (Judi Dench) assigns Bond to investigate the attack due to circumstantial evidence. She also tells 007 to not go out for revenge against Ourumov (for Trevelyan's death) when he is found and he flies to St. Petersburg to meet CIA agent Jack Wade (Joe Don Baker). He suggests Bond meet Valentin Zukovsky (Robbie Coltrane), a Russian Mafia head and business rival of Janus. After Bond gives him a tip on a potential heist, Zukovsky arranges a meeting between Bond and Janus. Xenia is sent to meet Bond at his hotel. She attempts to kill him using a sexy ruse in the hotel spa, but he overpowers her and she takes him to Janus after which he proceeds to knock her out cold. Bond meets Janus in a statue graveyard, who reveals himself as Alec Trevelyan (now badly scarred from the explosion from the Arkhangelsk facility). A descendant of those Cossack clans who collaborated with the Nazi forces in World War II, Trevelyan faked his death, having vowed revenge against Britain for their involvement in his parents' deaths. Bond is about to shoot Alec when 007 is shot with a tranquilizer dart by an unknown associate of Alec. Bond awakens tied up with Natalya in the Tiger helicopter programmed to self-destruct, from which the two escape using its ejection system. They are immediately arrested by the Russian police and interrogated by the Russian Minister of Defence, Dmitri Mishkin (Tchéky Karyo), in a military archives building in St. Petersburg. Just as Natalya reveals the existence of a second satellite and Ourumov's involvement in the massacre at Severnaya, Ourumov bursts into the room, shooting Mishkin. As Ourumov calls for his guards, Bond punches him and escapes into the archives with Natalya, where a firefight ensues. Simonova is captured and is dragged into a car by Ourumov. Bond steals a T-54/55-series tank and pursues Ourumov through St. Petersburg to Janus' armoured train, where he kills Ourumov as Trevelyan escapes, locking Bond in the train with Simonova. As the train's self-destruct countdown begins, Bond cuts through the floor with a laser watch while Simonova locates Grishenko's satellite dish in Cuba using a computer. The two escape just before the train explodes. In Cuba, Bond and Natalya meet Jack Wade and trade Bond's car for Wade's airplane. Whilst flying over jungle Bond and Simonova are shot down. As they stumble out of the wreckage, Onatopp rappels down from a helicopter and attacks Bond. As she has Bond in a stranglehold, he manages to use her weapon to shoot the helicopter down. Still attached to the rappel cord, Onatopp is crushed against a tree and dies. Minutes later, he and Natalya watch a lake being drained of its water, uncovering the dish. They infiltrate the control station, where Bond is captured. Trevelyan reveals his plan to steal money from the Bank of England before erasing all of its financial records with the remaining GoldenEye, concealing the theft and destroying Britain's economy. Meanwhile, Simonova programs the satellite to initiate atmospheric reentry and destroy itself. As Trevelyan captures Simonova and orders Grishenko to save the satellite, Bond triggers an explosion with his Parker Jotter pen grenade provided by Q, and escapes to the antenna cradle. Bond sabotages the antenna, preventing Boris from regaining control of the satellite, before turning and having a fistfight with Trevelyan. The two end up in a very precarious position on the antenna platform, five hundred feet above the dish, and Bond eventually manages to kick Trevelyan off the side of the platform. He grabs him before he falls, but releases him anyway, acknowledging that unlike most kills, this one is personal. Trevelyan survives the fall but is paralyzed. In the meantime, Simonova manages to commandeer a helicopter, onto which Bond jumps just prior to the cradle catching fire, exploding and collapsing, crushing Trevelyan in the process. Grishenko survives momentarily before being frozen to death by exploding tanks of liquid nitrogen. On the surface, Bond and Natalya are rescued by Wade and a team of Force Recon Marines, who take them off to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base by Marine helicopters.